Another of humanity's oldest crops,
with garlands of these flowers found in the pharaohs' tombs.
Safflower is a
Thistle like plant 1-2 ft tall with yellow to red flowers.
are used for dye or drying and the petals as a home substitute
for saffron. The seeds average 40% oil content, and yield a
high-quality oil with many health benefits.
It prefers a long dry
season and limited rain.
BOTANICAL NAME: Carthamus tinctoria
May start in flat but better to start directly in good, non-acid well drained garden soil about 2 weeks before last frost. Prefers a light loam. Plants will do best if a well dug/loosened bed is prepared for them. Needs full sun and good air circulation - best if water is minimal to keep the plants healthy and growing. May pinch out top bud once when 6-8" tall to promote branching. After flowers have turned to dry seed heads and flower stem turns brown; harvest seeds, winnow and store for use in oil press.
GROW BIOINTENSIVE® CULTURAL INFO: C/ Matures 15-20/ Harvest 0-4/ Yield(s) unknown / Spacing 6-7"