Some seeds need a winter nap.

They sprout only after a period in moist, cold soil.

 The process is called stratification. Read more abut it HERE.

 Most trees, shrubs, and many perennials like to go through the winter as seeds. In nature, they drop from the plant, spend the winter in cold wet soil, and sprout in spring.  If you plant in pots in the fall and leave them outdoors, they will sprout when the weather warms. If you want to plant in summer, you can use the refrigerator to provide the cold.
Domesticated vegetables and grains have had this trait bred out of them, so the farmer can control when and where they sprout. But many wild plants need stratification, as do most temperate-climate trees, shrubs, and perennials. (They have learned not to sprout too soon, so the young plant doesn't freeze. ) You need to give the seeds enough cold time to meet their chill requirement--which is listed for each variety.

Wildflowers from mild climates like to sprout in fall and overwinter as small plants.





Popular This Season:
Ham 7898 large

Amole, Soap Plant

Perennial bulb used as a soap (So gentle on fabric, hair, and delicate items, that museums use it.) Baked, it was an important food for Native peoples. The f...
  • Germination days: 12-14
  • Seed code: N
  • Planting depth: 1/8
Tar 7711 aronia a moro

Aronia, Chokeberry

This berry is showing up in commercial juices and drinks, because it is super-nutritious and adaptable. Small tree or large shrub with blue-black fruits for ...
  • Germination days: 30-60 warm, 90-120 cold
  • Seeds per packet: 30
  • When to plant: Fall
Fba 8655 baby blue eyes

Baby Blue Eyes

The gorgeous sky blue of forget-me-nots, but with individual flowers five times as big and flowers the first year from seed. Quick spring bloomer. Easy to gr...
  • Seeds per packet: 500
  • Germination days: 14-21
  • Planting depth: 1/8
Tbe7714bearberry

Bearberry, kinnikinick, Uva-Ursi

Handsome groundcover with blue-gray leaves on woody deep-red branches. Native to the mountains, needs good drainage, but takes cold and heat. Tea is effectiv...
  • Germination days: 60-90 warm, 60-90 cold, scarify
  • Seeds per packet: 20
  • When to plant: Fall
Bee+balm

Bee Balm

A bee, butterfly, and hummingbird magnet, with profuse lavender flowers on strong stems. Foliage ”smells like the winds of Paradise” and has been enjoyed as ...
  • Spacing: 8-12
  • Germination days: 5-7
  • When to plant: After danger of frost
Tra 7755 bcrasp

Blackcap Raspberry

Wild raspberries have luscious flavor, and can be managed in a ticket, in a tended bed, or on a trellis or fence. Start in pots, and give adequate fertility ...
  • Germination days: 30-60 cold
  • Seeds per packet: 20
  • When to plant: Fall
Tel 7800 sambucus nigra subsp canadensis wikipedia derek+jensen%2c+fishers+indiana

Black Elderberry

Small tree/large shrub produces loads of tasty berries famous for pies and wine. Creates privacy without shading out vegetables. Glossy pinnate leaves frame ...
  • Germination days: 30-60 warm, 90-100 cold
  • Seeds per packet: 20
  • When to plant: Summer
Tmu7740mulberry

Black Mulberry

Berries like blackberries or boysenberries in appearance, but on a shade tree instead of a thorny bramble. Short trunk with dense, spreading head. Great shad...
  • Germination days: 60 cold
  • Seeds per packet: 20
  • When to plant: Summer
Tbl7715vfungus+guy

Blueberry

Everyone knows and loves these beautiful and tasty fruits, now touted for their antioxidant levels. Known as well for improving eyesight, especially night vi...
  • Germination days: 30-60
  • Seeds per packet: 50
  • When to plant: Fall
Fbu 8658 butterfly+weed

Butterfly Flower (Milkweed)

Pleurisy Root.Butterfly Weed. Favorite food source for monarch butterflies, and a beautiful flower for the garden. Attracts beneficial pest-fighting insects ...
  • Germination days: 21-28
  • Seeds per packet: 30
  • Spacing: 12
Fpo 8830 cal poppy

California Poppy

Rich golden satiny flowers 2" wide, and silvery, fernlike leaves on 8-24" plants. Tolerates light frost and drought, blooms all summer with minimal water. No...
  • Germination days: 10-12
  • Seeds per packet: 1000
  • Days to maturity: 60
Chaste+tree

Chaste Tree, Vitex

Extremely handsome landscape plant. Appearance much like butterfly bush, with blue-violet spikes. Berries are used for adrenal exhaustion, PMS, migraines, an...
  • Germination days: 60 cold, scarify
  • When to plant: Spring with treatment
  • When to plant: Fall without treatment
Tqu7752quince

Chinese Quince

Related to pears and apples, more adaptable than either. Adaptable to poor soil, wet and dry conditions. Fruits make good pies and jelly. Many people feel th...
  • Germination days: 60-90 cold, scarify
  • Seeds per packet: 20
  • When to plant: Fall
Tvi 7775 crampbark web

Crampbark

Clusters of lacecap flowers in spring and red berries in the fall. Bark gives amazing relief for any muscular cramp-back pain, menstrual cramps, tense muscle...
  • Germination days: 180-510 warm, 60-120 cold
  • Seeds per packet: 25
  • When to plant: Summer
Dscn9697

Echinacea purpurea, organic

Coneflower (Sampson root). Used to boost immune system, fight off developing colds and flu. Deep pink flowers with distinctive cone-shaped center. Roots dug ...
  • Spacing: 18-24
  • Germination days: 14-21
  • Seeds per packet: 100
Tgo 7713 lycium barbarum goji wiki anro0002 pub+dom

Goji Berry

Much in the news for its health-giving fruit, protecting the cardiovascular system, vision, immune system. Leaf tea believed to have germ-fighting and anti-c...
  • Germination days: 120 cold, scarify
  • Seeds per packet: 10
  • When to plant: Summer
Tki 7732 hardy+kiwi wiki dumarest

Hardy Kiwi

The kiwi in the store requires semi-tropical conditions. This relative is much hardier, taking temperatures below zero. The fruits, as you might expect, are ...
  • Germination days: 60-90 cold
Tha7790jamiewillits web

Hawthorn

Masses of white flowers followed by red fruit, loaded with heart-healthy procyanidins. Used for jelly, wine, and teas much like rose hips. Oak-shaped leaves ...
  • Germination days: 120 cold, scarify
  • Seeds per packet: 20
  • When to plant: Fall
Tju 7730 ziziphus jujuba wiki marco+schmidt

Jujube

Small tree bearing sweet fruits about 2" long with the taste and consistency of an apple. When dried, they resemble a date, with a pit about the same size as...
  • Germination days: 90 warm, 90 cold, scarify
  • Seeds per packet: 8
  • When to plant: Fall
Lady%27s+mantle

Lady's Mantle

Outstanding as a weed-smothering summer groundcover, with beautifully scalloped leaves that catch dew like pearls. Used for centuries as a women's herb. Astr...
  • When to plant: Late fall
  • Germination days: 15-20
  • Planting depth: Shallow
Tli 7733 tilia cordata wiki waugsberg

Linden Tree

Linden flowers are a beloved tea in Europe, sweet-sleep aid; an effective herbal tea with a nice taste! The leaves are used like lettuce when young, like spi...
  • Germination days: 90 cold moist, scarify
  • Seeds per packet: 10
  • When to plant: Fall
Hlo 8240 lovage+photo+by+leo+michels

Lovage

Sweet aromatic undertonesWith a complex flavor somewhere between celery and parsley.The root is used as substitute for Dong Quai. The leaves are terrific in...
  • Seeds per packet: 45
  • Spacing: 36
  • When to plant: Late summer
Love+in+a+mist

Love-in-a-Mist

Quick, easy blue flowers, repel pests in the soil. Edible flowers, seeds used in baking. Scent like grape jelly. BOTANICAL NAME: Nigella damascena GROWING IN...
  • Spacing: 6-8
  • Germination days: 10-14
  • Seeds per packet: 300
Calendula+medicinal+jpg

Medicinal Calendula, Organic

Selected for resins and medicinal strength. Mostly single and yellow-orange. Very long season of bloom--often blooms year-round in warmer zones.Likes cool we...
  • Germination days: 21-28
  • Planting depth: 1/2-1
  • Seeds per packet: 50
Rowan

Mountain Ash, Rowan Tree

Lights up hard-to-use corners like the north side of a house with year-round beauty and edible fruit. Large clusters of honey-scented, bee-and butterfly-frie...
  • Seeds per packet: 50
  • When to plant: Late summer
  • Seed code: C
Mpo 6470 mixedshirley kebun malay

Multi-Species Poppy Mix

All of the poppies we offer, for successive waves of bloom. BOTANICAL NAME:Papaver somniferum GROWING INSTRUCTIONS :A mix of types. Sow seeds where they ar...
  • Germination days: 10-12
  • Seeds per packet: 1000
  • Planting depth: 1/8
Tgr 7750 orgrape wikipedia h.+zell karlsruhe%2c+deutschland2

Oregon Grape

Evergreen shrub native to the Pacific Northwest, adapted to shade, poor rocky soil, and clay. Leaves holly-like. Yellow highly-scented flowers in spring, blu...
  • Germination days: 90 cold
  • Seeds per packet: 30
  • When to plant: Fall
Fca 8670+cal pacific

Pacific Beauty Mix Calendula

Blooms through frost to 25 degreesEdible 3" double daisy-like blooms in hot colors.A traditional mix of longer-stemmed calendulas in shades of creamy yellow ...
  • Germination days: 21-28
  • Seeds per packet: 80
  • Spacing: 12
Tpa 7746

Passionflower, Maypop

The hardiest passionfruit-survives freezes down to -15F. Fruit is sweet with many seeds, excellent juiced. Leaves are a world-class sedative and tranquilizer...
  • Germination days: 60-90 cold, scarify
  • Seeds per packet: 15
  • When to plant: Summer
Breadseed+poppy

Pink Poppy, Breadseed

Unique color, vibrant raspberry-pink.Fast-growing with silky petals and large pods, on long stems with smooth gray-green leaves.One of humanity's oldest plan...
  • Germination days: 10-12
  • Seeds per packet: 500
  • Planting depth: Shallow
Tca7774redrootwikiccscott zona web

Red Root, Deerbrush, American Tea

Everyone these days seems to know about taking immune system stimulants like Echinacea and elder at the first sign of a cold or flu. But what do you do later...
  • Germination days: Quick warm, 30-90 cold, scarify
  • Seeds per packet: 30
  • When to plant: Fall
Rhodiola2

Rhodiola, roseroot

Rhodiola is one of the herbs that has been getting international attention lately for its adaptogenic properties. Adaptogens do not address any specific sing...
  • Spacing: 8
  • Seeds per packet: 20
  • Germination days: 5-10
Rosemary+

Rosemary

One of the most useful of all herbs. Drought tolerant, it needs a well-drained soil with lime. Seed germination is slow. Wonderful in almost any cooked dish,...
  • Germination days: 14-28
  • Spacing: 18-24
  • Planting depth: 1/8
Milkweed+with+monarch

Rose Milkweed

Beautiful pink flowers. Native to the Northeast. Good for places where drainage is a problem. Also widely grown in gardens, where it can get summer water.BOT...
  • Germination days: 21-28
  • Spacing: 12-18
  • Seeds per packet: 30
Tru7760rugosa rose web

Rugosa Rose

Prolific source of rose hips for drying, jelly, or syrups. A vigorous attractive 3-8' shrub which produces large, highly fragrant single 3-4" red-magenta blo...
  • Germination days: 30-60 warm, 90-120 cold
  • Seeds per packet: 20
  • When to plant: Fall
Sea+buckthorn

Sea Buckthorn

Tough, adaptable shrub from Siberia needs good drainge, but accepts cold, heat, low fertility. Berries are one of the most effective antioxidants, and are mu...
  • Germination days: 90 cold
  • Seeds per packet: 25
  • When to plant: Early summer
Tse7765serviceberry

Serviceberry

Small tree/large shrub produces loads of tasty berries much like blueberries in looks and use. Extremely cold-hardy-grows as far north as there are trees. Sp...
  • Germination days: 30-60 warm, 90-120 cold
  • Seeds per packet: 20
  • When to plant: Summer
Asclepias speciosa showy commonswikipedia

Showy Milkweed

White and lavender flowers shaped like stars. This one is native to the West--everywhere west of the 100th parallel except Arizona and Texas.BOTANICAL NAME: ...
  • Germination days: 21-28
  • Seeds per packet: 30
  • Spacing: 12
Hve 8460 +ccpic gianluca+nicolella

Vervain

Herbal ground cover stays evergreen. Wands of small lavender flowers dance above it in spring. Draws beneficial insects over an extremely long bloom period. ...
  • Spacing: 8-12
  • Germination days: 14-21
  • Seeds per packet: 300
Tch 7777 wildcherry

Wild Black Cherry

The bark is important in cough mixtures, both as flavoring and as an important herbal cough suppressor. Native to the Eastern U.S. and an important wildlife ...
  • Germination days: 30-60 warm, 90-120 cold
  • Seeds per packet: 10
  • When to plant: Fall
Wormwood

Wormwood

Tall drought-tolerant perennial repels insects, deer, and burrowing animals like gophers. Excellent with perennials and shrubs (like roses) or around the edg...
  • When to plant: Late winter
  • Seeds per packet: 1000
  • Spacing: 12-24
Yarrow web

Yarrow

Ancient healing herb, used for worldwide to stop bleeding, heal wounds, break fevers, and for headaches, colds, and flu. A handful of leaves in the bath soak...
  • When to plant: Late winter
  • Seeds per packet: 1000
  • Planting depth: 1/8
Oregon+grape+widesmall

When Seeds Hibernate: Breaking Dormancy

Most domesticated vegetables and grains sprout when and where they are planted. They no longer go dormant (literally meaning "sleep") because the gardener is going to take care of them. Perennials, berries, trees, and many herbs are closer to th...